Earlier this month, the shopping comparison search engine myTriggers brought an antitrust action against Google, alleging that the search giant unfairly lowered myTriggers’ quality score.
The company argues that this move resulted in the cost of its search
ads rising by as much as 10,000% — a prohibitive increase that forced
myTriggers to stop purchasing pay-per-click ads from Google.
MyTriggers additionally alleged that, last December, its placement in Google’s organic results plunged for no good reason.
Lawyers at the firm representing myTriggers in the case — Cadwalader,
Wickersham & Taft — have represented Microsoft in antitrust
matters. Those lawyers also are representing another search marketer,
TradeComet, which filed an antitrust case against Google last year.
Now it’s come to light that three other companies — Foundem (a U.K.
price comparison site as well as a member of the Microsoft-funded
Initiative for a Competitive Online Marketplace), the French legal
search engine ejustice.fr, and Microsoft’s Ciao! from Bing — have
asked the European authorities to investigate whether Google violated
antitrust law by lowering their position in the organic results.
One of those companies, Foundem, raised a similar issue with the Federal Communications Commission. In a filing
about net neutrality, Foundem complained that Google "gives
preferential placement to its own Map, News, YouTube, Book, and Product
Search services" — apparently violating a concept that some
anti-Google entities have dubbed "search neutrality."
afternoon, the nonprofit Consumer Watchdog piled on. Consumer Watchdog
called for the Department of Justice to investigate whether Google "is
manipulating" search results by returning its own sites high in the
Julia Holtz, Google’s senior competition counsel, said in a blog post
that the company isn’t intentionally targeting rivals. "Though each
case raises slightly different issues," she wrote of the three European
companies who complained, "the question they ultimately pose is whether
Google is doing anything to choke off competition or hurt our users and
partners. This is not the case."
Whatever Google’s motives,
its moves clearly have angered some search marketers who have seen
their prices rise, or organic rankings fall, and don’t understand why.
While these complaints seem to have picked up momentum in recent weeks,
they’re nothing new for the search giant. As far back as 2006, the
company KinderStart unsuccessfully sued Google after it stopped showing
KinderStart’s site in the results. Not only did a federal district
court judge in California toss the case, but the judge ordered
KinderStart’s attorney to pay $7,500 in sanctions for having brought
Of course, much has changed for Google in the last
four years — especially the DOJ’s view of the company’s market
position. In late 2008, the DOJ forced Google to back out of a deal to
power search results on Yahoo on the theory that the agreement would
further extend Google’s dominance in search.
The assessment of
DOJ lawyers certainly doesn’t carry the same weight as would a judicial
ruling against Google. At the same time, now that the Justice
Department has gone on record with concerns about the company, courts
and other regulators might not be quite as fast to dismiss complaints
as in the past.